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Lung Cancer

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Lung cancer is the progressive proliferation of malignant cells in this vital organ, causing problems in other lung structures, such as the bronchi. It is diagnosed in a very high percentage among the smoking population and almost always present excessive cough, which may be associated with expectoration. The presence of a primary tumor can be characterized by dyspnea or shortness of breath, hemoptysis or blood in the sputum, and other less common symptoms, such as chest pain, ringing in the side of the chest, weight loss and hoarseness. There are, however, other ailments that could suggest the spread of the cancer to other organs (metastasis). The diagnostic examination passes perform a series of tests such as chest X-ray, CT (scan) of the chest and abdomen, respiratory function tests (spirometry), blood tests, and some form of biopsy (bronchoscopy, percutaneous puncture guided by TAC, VATS, and toratocomía). Treatment applied depends on the extension stage of the cancer and the type and size of the tumor is found. According to each case, treatment will be surgery to remove the tumor, chemotherapy or radiotherapy, or a combination of all.