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Infectious diseases (tuberculosis)

TB is a persistent infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which affects various organs, especially the lungs. Tuberculosis is an infectious disease that reached its peak in the last century during the Industrial Revolution due to the movement of people to cities where they lived in appalling hygienic conditions. Responsible for this infection is Mycobacterium tuberculosis, in honor of its discoverer, called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Among humans is transmitted through the air by droplets containing bacilli and infected people without treatment, or who are in the first days of incubation, removed by coughing, sneezing or talking. Via transmission by food is rare. The most common symptoms are severe fatigue, malaise, heavy sweating, weight loss and blood in the sputum. Untreated tuberculosis leads inevitably to death. For treatment a combination of drugs that, while effective, can have adverse effects is used.