Lumbar disc herniation

Lumbar disc herniation is an injury caused by the degeneration or wear of the intervertebral discs of the spine, which act as shock absorbers between the vertebrae. Lumbar hernia is one of the most common and causes compression or irritation of the nerve root, which often ends up manifesting as pain in the sciatic nerve, depending on the position and size of the hernia. The main causes of herniated discs are aging articular trauma or prolonged physical effort. In addition, there are risk factors that favor its appearance, such as obesity, sedentary lifestyle or snuff. Treatment varies according to the severity of the case, and can be solved with temporary rest, the administration of drugs, rehabilitation exercises or even surgical intervention indicated only for patients who do not respond to other treatments and in pain persisting markedly. A herniated disc l4 the level of injury when the pain radiates down the front of the thigh, no loss of sensation in the inside of the leg and foot, and causes weakness in the knee. L5 The level of injury is when the pain radiates down the back of the thigh and there is a loss of sensation in the lateral wall of the calf and the dorsum of the foot. Therefore, disc herniation l4 and l5 can be distinguished by the symptoms they cause.