The urinary tract infection or urinary tract can occur in different parts of the same:
- Cystitis is when infection occurs in the bladder.
- Pyelonephritis is when it occurs in the kidneys
- Urethritis if infection occurs in the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder out
The vast majority of infections are caused by bacteria. They are more likely in women because their urethra is shorter and is closer to the anus.