Laparoscopy is a surgical technique for inspection of the abdominal cavity that does not require large incisions. During the procedure, the abdomen is entered into a laparoscope, which is a tube containing an optical system coupled to a light source. The camera allows the physician to inspect, from a monitor, the pelvic organs and, if necessary, introduce other instruments through the same laparoscope to correct problem. The advantages of laparoscopy in urology are many, such that shorter hospitalization and recovery is required, there is less chance of infectious complications, decreases postoperative pain and no visible scarring. Laparoscopy is mainly used in processes such as prostate cancer or some renal diseases.