Pathology salivary glands

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The major salivary glands, which produce and empty saliva in the mouth, are three pairs: the submandibular glands, salivary glands sublingual and parotid glands. The surgery of the parotid gland, also known as parotidectomy is the operation that handles remove tumors that grow in this gland. It is estimated that over 70% of these tumors are benign (noncancerous ) but we must consider any package that is detected. Depending on the type of tumor that is, its size and its location, different variants of this intervention are practiced. The most common are the superficial parotidectomy or total parotidectomy with preservation of facial nerve, which also implies a lymph node dissection. The salivary glands may also have other pathologies, the most common are: sialolitiasis, which is the obstruction of the salivary glands due to the presence of calcium calculations that do not allow the output of saliva and cause inflammation of the gland salivary affected;and sialadenitis, which is the infection of the salivary glands, which may be an effect of sialolitiasis, or be caused by a virus or bacteria